Battle of Bhopal
The Battle of Bhopal was fought on 24 December, 1737 in Bhopal between the Maratha Empire and the
combined army of Mughal allies (Nizam & Rajputs)
The battle was fought between the Nizam of Hyderabad and Maratha empires near Bhopal in India in December 1737,
and was arguably the largest pitched battle fought in India in the 18th century. The battle resulted in decisive
Maratha victory mainly through the swift tactics of Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao.
The Rajput army included Sawai Raja Jai Singh's forces under his son Iswari Singh and Diwan Raja Ayamal,
and Badan Singh's forces under his son Pratap Singh.
Later, on 7 January 1738, a peace treat was signed between Peshwa Bajirao and Jai Singh at village Doraha
Bhopal Gas Tragedy
The Bhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak incident in India, considered one of the world's worst
industrial disasters It occurred on the night of 2-3 December 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL)
pesticide plant in Bhopal. A leak of methyl isocyanate gas and other chemicals from the plant jeopardized
hundreds of thousands of people.
The toxic substance spread around the neighborhoods near the plant.
Death toll estimates show 8,000 died within two weeks and another 8,000 or more have since died from
gas-related diseases. The leak caused 558,125 injuries including 38,478 temporary partial and
approximately 3,900 severely and permanently disabling injuries.
Bhopal Ulemas(Muslim religious leaders), had issued fatwas (edicts) for "Jehad" from the pulpit of
Mankashah and Madar-ul-Maham mosques against the then Muslim ruler of Bhopal state Nawab
Sikandar Jahan Begum, who had sided with the Britishers, urging Muslims to take part in the
freedom struggle with all their might.